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Pa0nhc magnetic active NVIS receiving antenna.
Updated schematics, PCBs and construction. 20180309 / 20181206.
Updated parts list.
20190116

Copyright.
The use, copy and modification of all info on this site is only permitted for non-commercial purposes, and
thereby explicitly stating
my radio amateur call sign "PA0NHC" as the original writer / designer / photographer / publisher.

        Properties :
- Unsusceptible antenna unit.
- Much smaller size than a dipole antenna or loop antenna.
- Antenna directive pattern is like a full size dipole.
        Excellent NVIS antenna for 160m, 80m and 40m..
        Good for groundwave reception between 10 kHz and 1.6 MHz.
        If rotate able, low incidence noise sources can vastly be weakened.
- Very selective. Acts like a good pre selector.
- Good sensitivity due to the use of a for the frequency bands Hi-Q ferrite rod and Hi-Z FET input.
- IMD-free, the specially designed electronics can handle very strong signals.
- The input circuitry is guarded against very strong field strengths like a local transmitter and nearby lightning.
- Remotely tunable with :
       
Super simple (one coax) connection between tuner unit and antenna unit ( developed by pa0nhc).
- The prototype tunes between 3,5MHz and 3,8MHz.
        Adaptable for other frequency bands.
- The antenna ferrite rod fits inside a piece of 32mm PVC pipe.
- The antenna PCB fits in a piece of 50mm (ALU or PVC) pipe.
- The antenna PCB contains a coax mantle current choke (** see optimal ferrite materials **)
- Build-in noiseless power supply with optimal mains noise filter.
- The tuner PCB fits inside a neath and cheap Proma ALU enclosure.

- The PDF parts list gives suggestions for perfect fitting components, with ordering data for "www.conrad.nl", and details for other suppliers.


A piece of 32mm PVC sewage pipe as housing for a 12.5x100mm ferrite rod
and
 A piece of 60mm rain tube.as housing for the Antenna PCB.


Tuner unit with new PCB, and build-in noise free power supply in Proma cabinet.

Military grade PCBs :  "Order PCB set"

- Double sided with on both sides mass planes for clean signals.
- With wide top and bottom inter connecting vias.
- No cooling profiles needed. All SMD semiconductors are contact cooled by soldering hem directly onto the PCB plane. 
- All parts soldered on top plane
- Enlarged SMD solder pads for easier soldering.
- Optimal combination of through-hole and SMD components
- Green top and bottom solder masks => NO undetected short circuits.
- White top silk with clear component outlines and texts for easy assemblage.

To prevent unauthorized commercial exploitation by others, schematics below do not contain component IDs nor values.  BUT :
    - both PCBs contain top silks with all component IDs.
Correct placing of components should be easy.

        REM : 
The given component data below ensure that the performance is as designed, and that components will fit onto the PCB.
If  you want to order components from another supplier, use the component details : 
    1. mentioned in the ordering data below,
    2. given from the Conrad site.

At Conrad :
- above order amount of 35 Euro postage is free.
- their own brand TRU COMPONENTS often are cheapest.

Componentlist for the tuner PCB
updated 20180302

Assembling the tuner PCB
updated 20180309

Frontplate drill template
updated 20180306

Backplate drill template

Installing the tuner PCB
updated 20180309

Componentlist for the antenna PCB
updated 20181206

Assembling the antenna PCB
updated 20181206

Constructing the ferrite antenna
updated 20180304

Adaption of the tuning range
updated 20180227

Installation
updated 20180306

Denoising
updated 20181206

       Some design details.

        Antenna unit.
The sensitivity and selectivity are maximal due to the use of an optimal type ferrite rod.
        REM: a test with balanced and a screened coils gave much weaker signals.
Superb large signal properties are obtained by "Back-to-back" connected capacitance tuning diodes, an optimally setup source follower buffer/driver with a very steep single gate MOSfet, and the emitter follower output using a very high-Ft UHF transistor.
The input circuitry is guarded against damages by fast switching diodes.
An on-board broad band common mode choke blocks noises coming from the coax mantle.

The antenna unit PCB (not at the BNC-bus) should be grounded directly onto a noise free grounded mast.
==> Installing the antenna unit without proper grounding can result in a high man made noise level <==

        The tuner unit has a build-in noiseless power supply with mains noise filter.
To prevent injection of noises from mains power lines, the tuner PCB is designed for maximal RF-isolation between the mains and the DC-output :
- All mains-related components are on the back of the unit.
- All other components are at the front side.
- The whole unit is NOT connected to the mains safety ground.
- The "ground" connection at the output side of the optimal type mains noise filter, is connected to the (grounded) housing of the tuner unit, not to the with noises polluted mains safety ground.
- The little mains transformer has very small parasitic coupling capacitances, due to separated chambers for primary and secondary windings.
- The bridge rectifier is a low drop type, with all diodes bypassed with capacitors to prevent rattle and IMD.
- Both PCB sides contain screening ground surfaces.

        Grounding and safety (your own responsibility !) : 
Your mains power group should contain an automatic ground leak current detecting safety switch.

          IF the antenna PCB is grounded to a noise free grounded mast :
the receiver and the tuning unit should NOT be grounded, but only be "grounded" via the coax cable to the antenna unit.

          IF your antenna PCB is not grounded :            
the tuner unit, and the connected receiver, should all be connected to one noise-free ground.

        Connecting mains power.
As the tuning unit contains a good mains noise filter, including filter capacitors, a little ground leak current will flow.
To protect static sensitive equipment, and avoid an unpleasant feeling when (dis-)connecting cables, i advise you to plug the 240Vac mains cable only into a wall socket, when all other cables are connected.